AvtoVAZ (RTS:AVAZ, MICEX:AVAZ) (Russian: ÐÐ²Ñ‚Ð¾Ð’ÐÐ—) is the Russian automobile manufacturer formerly known as VAZ: Volzhsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Ð’ÐÐ—, Ð’Ð¾ÌÐ»Ð¶ÑÐºÐ¸Ð¹ Ð°Ð²Ñ‚Ð¾Ð¼Ð¾Ð±Ð¸ÌÐ»ÑŒÐ½Ñ‹Ð¹ Ð·Ð°Ð²Ð¾ÌÐ´), but better known to the world under the trade name Lada. The company was established in the late 1960s in collaboration with Fiat. The current company name contains abnormal semantic pleonasm: "AvtoVAZ" literally stands for "Avtomobilniy Volzhsky Avtomobilny Zavod" ("Automobile Volga Automobile Plant"). AvtoVAZ is the largest company in the Russian automotive industry. It is 25% owned by French carmaker Renault.
It produces nearly one million cars a year, including the Kalina, Lada 110 and the Niva off-road vehicle. However, the original Fiat 124-based vehicle, the VAZ-2101 and its derivatives, remain the models most associated with its Lada brand.
The VAZ factory is one of the biggest in the world, with over 90 miles (140 km) of production lines, and is unique in that most of the components for the cars are made in-house.
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